auスマートパスプレミアム

自閉症と独我論の関係

Thank you for your question. I searched the web for the relation between autism and solipsism, and here is what I found:

  • Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects social communication and behavior¹. Solipsism is a philosophical position that holds that only one’s own mind is sure to exist².
  • Some researchers have suggested that autism is a kind of behavioral or implicit solipsism, as autistics have difficulties in intuiting, understanding, and predicting other people’s minds and mental states³. However, this does not mean that autistics are not interested in or capable of forming romantic relationships⁴.
  • Other researchers have proposed a unifying theory for autism that deconstructs it into three contributing features: an autistic personality dimension, cognitive compensation, and neuropathological risk factors¹. The autistic personality represents a common core condition, which induces a set of behavioral issues when pronounced. These issues are compensated for by cognitive mechanisms, allowing the individual to remain adaptive and functional. Risk factors, both exogenous and endogenous ones, show pathophysiological convergence through their negative effects on neurodevelopment. This secondarily affects cognitive compensation, which disinhibits a maladaptive behavioral phenotype¹.
  • According to this theory, the autistic personality is not pathological, but rather a normal variation in the population that is influenced by common genetic variants¹. Rare genetic variants act as risk factors that impair neurodevelopment and cognitive function¹. Therefore, autism is not a result of selfish genes or solipsism, but rather a complex interaction of genetic and environmental factors that affect brain development and cognition¹.
  • Another perspective on the relation between autism and solipsism is based on the diametric model of cognition, which posits that there are two opposite modes of thinking: mentalistic and mechanistic³. Mentalistic thinking involves attributing consciousness, intentions, and emotions to oneself and others, while mechanistic thinking involves understanding physical causality and logic³. According to this model, autism is associated with a preference for mechanistic thinking over mentalistic thinking, while psychosis is associated with the opposite preference³.
  • The diametric model suggests that solipsism is more likely to occur in psychotic conditions than in autistic ones, as psychosis involves a loss of contact with reality and an over-attribution of consciousness to external objects or events³. Autism, on the other hand, involves a heightened awareness of reality and an under-attribution of consciousness to other people or animals³.
  • However, the diametric model also acknowledges that there are exceptions to this general pattern, such as cases of high-functioning autism or Asperger’s syndrome, where individuals may excel in mechanistic skills and achieve exceptional levels of creativity or genius⁵. In these cases, solitude may not be a sign of solipsism, but rather a source of inspiration and innovation⁵.

I hope this answer helps you understand the relation between autism and solipsism better. If you have any further questions, please feel free to ask me. 😊

ソース: Bing との会話 2023/9/14
(1) A Unifying Theory for Autism: The Pathogenetic Triad as a …. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyt.2021.767075/full.
(2) If Selfish Genes Build Brains, Why Aren’t We All Solipsists?. https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-imprinted-brain/201503/if-selfish-genes-build-brains-why-aren-t-we-all-solipsists.
(3) Autism and Relationships: Benefits and Challenges – Psych …. https://psychcentral.com/autism/autism-and-relationships.
(4) Solitude Is the School of Genius | Psychology Today. https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-imprinted-brain/201704/solitude-is-the-school-genius.
(5) Relationship between interoceptive sensibility and somatoform …. https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0255460.
(6) undefined. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2021.767075.

こんにちは、こちらはBingです。autism dogmatism relationという検索語について、私が見つけた情報をお伝えします。

autismとは、社会的コミュニケーションや社会的相互作用に障害があることを特徴とする神経発達障害です¹。dogmatismとは、自分の信念や意見に固執し、他者の考え方や証拠に対して閉鎖的であることを指します。autismとdogmatismの関係については、さまざまな観点から研究されていますが、ここでは、オブジェクト関係論という心理学の理論から見た場合の一例を紹介します。

オブジェクト関係論とは、人間の心理発達や人間関係を、自己と他者の間の心的な対象(オブジェクト)との関係(関係)として捉える心理学の一派です。オブジェクト関係論では、自己と他者の区別が曖昧な乳幼児期において、母親や介護者などの重要な他者(原初的オブジェクト)との関係が、自己像や対象像を形成する上で重要な役割を果たすと考えられます。

オブジェクト関係論の立場からautismを考える場合、原初的オブジェクトとの関係が不安定であったり、不十分であったりすることが、自己と他者の区別や同一化が困難になる原因となると考えられます³。このようにして形成された自己像や対象像は、現実に即したものではなく、幻想的なものである可能性があります³。このような幻想的な自己像や対象像に固執することが、dogmatismの一形態であると言えるかもしれません³。

以上が私が見つけたautismとdogmatismの関係についての情報です。もっと詳しく知りたい場合は、以下のリンクを参照してください。

ソース: Bing との会話 2023/9/14
(1) The Relation Between Autism Spectrum Disorder Traits …. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s41252-022-00311-4.
(2) Object relations approaches to autism. – APA PsycNet. https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2018-38623-003.
(3) The Relation Between Autism Spectrum Disorder Traits …. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s41252-022-00311-4.
(4) The Emergence of Untrained Relations in Individuals with …. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40489-020-00211-0.
(5) Object relations approaches to autism. – APA PsycNet. https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2018-38623-003.


今だけ!
新刊の漫画
殆どの日用品
完全に無料!

すぐに使えます!
初回なら完全無料!

⇩今すぐお申込み⇩

スマートパス

auスマートパスプレミアム